At a large food production plant in Nicaragua, a worker methodically guided a Zurich risk engineer through the facility. They examined heavy equipment, storage operations, and fire prevention systems. The engineer asked pointed questions about potential risks and shared methods to make the plant safer.

But the engineer didn't visit in person. Instead, he watched a relevant video feed shot on a cellphone, and used software to annotate images and videos. He also wasn't alone – engineers in Mexico and Switzerland joined too. So did a company representative in Panama.

They did not have to get on airplanes. They didn't have to risk contracting COVID-19. But they still were left with a robust picture of potential risks and placed coverage accordingly.

Welcome to risk engineering within the age of a pandemic.

Global travel restrictions and safety policies slowed on-site risk assessments considerably. When engineers could no longer visit facilities in person, they did the next best thing – touring facilities virtually, scouring available data about potential risks, and using cutting-edge software to help keep track of their findings. A number of other industries used remote meeting technology during the pandemic, and risk engineers weren't any exception.

Pandemic or not, business needs to continue, and insurance coverage needs to be placed – even when engineers can't physically walk-through large, complex facilities like hotels, power plants or oil refineries. Experts believe the remote risk engineering approach is working well and expect facets of it to continue after the pandemic.

But they agree it's no replacement for an in-person engineer who can use their eyes, ears, and nose to discover potential problems.

The Rise of Remote Risk Engineering

With approximately 800 people conducting risk assessments in more than 40 countries, Zurich developed remote risk engineering technology prior to the pandemic but only used it sparsely. COVID-19 led to a 10x increase, said Fausto Steidle, Zurich's head of risk engineering operations.

\”The uptick was really extreme,\” said Steidle. \”When the pandemic hit in March there wasn't any other option.\”

Thankfully, employees everywhere were getting acclimated with Zoom, Microsoft Teams along with other online meeting tools – so virtual risk assessments felt natural. The Zurich team used the technology to focus on relationships. Each Zurich remote assessment starts with a conversation – just like it would in real life. Developing a rapport face-to-face (or at least screen-to-screen) is crucial.

\”Building that rapport using the customer, looking them straight in the eyes, getting that resolve for jointly wanting to improve the risk is essential,\” Steidle said. \”Our people are technically excellent but they're also quite good at building rapport with clients. Risk engineers convey more face-to-face time with our customers than any other part of the business.\”

Remote risk assessments can be more effective than not visiting at all. That proved true when Zurich was inspired to quote a 31-story mixed use building in Dallas. With an underwriter virtually examining critical locations like communal areas, turbine and fire prevention systems, Zurich estimated the utmost loss at $14 million. In the event that underwriter had relied solely on research, it would have been estimated at $400 million, according to Steidle.

\”That's a really good example of how quoting blind on the piece of business leads us to consider the worst scenario and may have priced us out,\” he said. \”But because the remote process showed the underwriter the risk, we were able to get a clearer picture of the risk and provide a more competitive quote.\”

Paragon is another company that turned to remote risk engineering. Pre-pandemic, it conducted approximately 10% of their assessments remotely but developed a solid remote approach after coping with travel restrictions due to Australian wildfires along with other man-made and natural catastrophes. That served the company well during COVID-19, as it conducted as much as 90% of its business remotely throughout the height of travel restrictions.

A major challenge was uncertainty, especially in the early days of the pandemic.

\”The biggest challenge was trying to understand the rules at different times in various regions, countries or states,\” said Rob McMullen, president of Paragon Risk Engineering. \”Our response was very regional, sometimes specific to a certain province in one country.\”

McMullen shared the storyline of a large organization they'd been coping with for a decade. Engineers examined the facility previously, so they decided to have a different tact when forced into remote engineering. They took a deep dive into testing and inspection records – discovering that tests on combustible dust and electrostatic equipment weren't done properly or frequently enough.

\”Would we have come across that over the next few years doing traditional surveys? Maybe, not. That's an impossible question to inquire about. But we know for 100% proven fact that discovering that problem was because of that super deep dive into their records which we would not have done in the near term with a traditional approach,\” he said. \”After the pandemic, we're not going to lose that discipline, we'll keep doing it.\”

Lessons Learned: Screen Fatigue, Hidden Risks

FM Global engineers conducted 49,000 site visits in 2021 – which 15,000 were remote, according to Brion Callori, senior vice president of engineering and research. One lesson Callori and his team learned right away – preparation is key. Collecting data, and dutifully preparing questions helps make the process more efficient.

\”We collect 700 to at least one,200 pieces of data on every location we visit,\” said Callori.

FM Global also remarked that remote engineering takes time. Having team members methodically walk through every corner of a facility with a smartphone camera while answering pointed questions may take longer than traveling there in person.

\”You've got to break tasks into manageable chunks or your clients could start getting fatigued,\” said Callori.

Expect remote risk engineering at FM Global to carry on after the pandemic. In 3 years, the company hopes to collect 60% of all data before an engineer gets on site, and it plans to allow subject matter experts to virtually join on-site risk assessments.

\”We hope it's more effective and we have to travel with specialists less,\” he said. \”If the engineer has a challenging exposure they require help on, they can call the topic expert on the app. Immediately it's going to be a lot easier.\”

Boots-on-the-Ground and the Way forward for Remote Risk Engineering

Experts agree that remote risk engineering cannot replace in-person assessments. They miss the casual conversations with rank-and-file employees just like a forklift driver or machine operator. They do not allow an engineer to see, hear, and touch things – asking questions on the fly like \”what's behind that door?\” or \”why is the fact that stored there?\”

\”The limitations ultimately outweigh the benefits,\” said McMullen from Paragon. \”There happen to be a few things that have helped our organization refine our discipline and hone our depth of understanding about certain topics however the simple fact is – you'll physically miss things when you're not there walking around.\”

FM Global's Callori agrees.

\”You can't replace that assessment and mitigation of loss and get it done totally remotely. It's about those degreed engineers who've been specifically trained getting their eyeballs on site, walking around, getting a feel for the facility, and really building that consulting relationship with local clients,\” Callori said.

Mike Rendich, v . p . of North America Risk Control and General Property at Berkshire Hathaway Specialty Insurance – who spent a long time conducting risk assessment surveys – doesn't think remote risk engineering will totally replace in-person site visits.

\”There are lots of things you don't know until you discover their whereabouts, and you're not going to see them in a virtual survey,\” Rendich said.

Of course, streaming video is better than nothing, Rendich noted, but it has limitations.

\”You will only see what's in the frame, not the 360 view you receive when walking around, looking up, down and all sorts of around,\” said Rendich.

If remote engineering is not as good, it begs the issue – are we one catastrophe away from disaster?

\”There hasn't been a traditional large industrial fire that's impacted the commercial insurance sector since the pandemic. You can be sure that if someone happens in early 2021, everybody will be saying that terms and conditions will be limited or curtained based from accurate risk information from offsite risk engineers,\” McMullen said.

Without human risk assessments, underwriting decisions can be a judgement call.

\”It's not black-and-white. We just have to use judgement,\” Callori said. \”Has this method given us enough information to allow us to properly assess and underwrite the danger?\”

Steidle agrees: \”Zurich has hundreds of thousands of customers and risk engineering sees a tiny bit of them, so we are writing a lot of business without any risk engineering input. The underwriter has to go with the best information available, which could mean we're a bit more cautious.\”

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